When We Met Other Human Species

Science et technologie

We all belong to the only group of hominins on the planet today. But we weren’t always alone. 100,000 years ago, Eurasia was home to other hominin species, some of which we know our ancestors met, and spent some quality time with.
Thanks to Julio Lacerda and Fabrizio de Rossi from Studio 252mya for their wonderful hominin illustrations. You can find more of their work here: 252mya.com/
Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: frdownload.net/peoples-pbsdigitalstudios
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Commentaires

  • DudeNamedDan

    DudeNamedDan

    Il y a 11 heures

    This basically means certain prior hominid “species” were actually just people who had different skeletal structures than other people due to their dissimilar evolutionary biomes, right? Sooo... wouldn’t calling them separate species be kinda racist?

  • A B

    A B

    Il y a 11 heures

    I'm pretty sure i've bred with a couple neanderthal ladies after to many beers impaired my judgement.

  • Michael Mantion

    Michael Mantion

    Il y a 12 heures

    music ruined video.

  • Rush

    Rush

    Il y a 12 heures

    Climate change and being assimalated by modern humans put them out

  • John Baldwin

    John Baldwin

    Il y a 13 heures

    And what about the ones that are coined the 'Adamites?' The people that had elongated skulls and were much taller... these are not the other indigenous people that were doing head-boarding or binding method to achieve and mimic elongated stature of these lost and forgotten people? Surely, there were more other species other than what is mainly exclusive in the scientific community and academia?

  • Grover

    Grover

    Il y a 14 heures

    1:50 How precisely shaded is that map? Neanderthals made it to Corsica, but not the shorter hop on to Sardinia? They didn't simply walk onto the Peloponnesus? I imagine those details could easily remain unknown, but I'd think the shading wouldn't be drawn with sharp edges in that case.

  • Truth Filter For YouTube

    Truth Filter For YouTube

    Il y a 14 heures

    Anybody who is still buying this laughable "THEORY" is missing a few brain cells....and those still pushing it as if were even close to being a fact need to be in prison

  • TOME Julien

    TOME Julien

    Il y a 14 heures

    Wait, Neanderthals gave us better adaptability against sunlight while the Sapiens came from central Africa, while the neanderthals had been living in Europe and central Asia for a while? This makes no sense, the Sapienss were the ones suffering more from intense sunlight all this time

  • TheGeorgianCitizen

    TheGeorgianCitizen

    Il y a 14 heures

    It makes sense. Original Homo Sapiens had high concentrations of melanin, very useful for dealing with sunlight. wikipedia fragment In the human skin, melanogenesis is initiated by exposure to UV radiation, causing the skin to darken. Melanin is an effective absorbent of light; the pigment is able to dissipate over 99.9% of absorbed UV radiation.[2] Because of this property, melanin is thought to protect skin cells from UVB radiation damage, reducing the risk of folate depletion and dermal degradation, and it is considered that exposure to UV radiation is associated with increased risk of malignant melanoma, a cancer of melanocytes (melanin cells). Studies have shown a lower incidence for skin cancer in individuals with more concentrated melanin, i.e. darker skin tone. Neanderthals needed clearer skin to produce vitamin D because sunlight is less intense in Eurasia, specially at north. Wikipedia fragment The major natural source of the vitamin is synthesis of cholecalciferol in the skin from cholesterol through a chemical reaction that is dependent on sun exposure (specifically UVB radiation). Other Wikipedia fragment Dark-skinned people are less efficient at making vitamin D because melanin in the skin hinders vitamin D synthesis. They needed clearer skin to produce Vitamin D and needed more a skin repair gene to survive.

  • R.D Bergman

    R.D Bergman

    Il y a 15 heures

    ...we murdered them.

  • TOME Julien

    TOME Julien

    Il y a 15 heures

    As much as I like the idea that the Neanderthals just interbred with the Sapiens, the part of the genome the eurasians get from them is so minor, borderline anecdotical, that I can't help but think the rest of the neanderthal extinction must have been from out-competing from the Sapiens and, let's be honest, a fair bit of straight up violence and war for territory

  • bill webb

    bill webb

    Il y a 15 heures

    Your so full of it dude!

  • moonglum101

    moonglum101

    Il y a 15 heures

    "an interbreeding event" is an interesting way to put it.

  • Brian O Callaghan

    Brian O Callaghan

    Il y a 16 heures

    Homonin..? Is that a word?

  • TheGeorgianCitizen

    TheGeorgianCitizen

    Il y a 15 heures

    Yes, at least for Encyclopedia Britannica and the scientific community. www.britannica.com/topic/hominin

  • Rodrigo Wemans

    Rodrigo Wemans

    Il y a 17 heures

    At least 4 speceis of men down. Now climate change is finishing the job.

  • Bill

    Bill

    Il y a 17 heures

    Well, isn't there only about a 2-3% difference between modern man and chimpanzees? That's a great deal of diversity for so slim a margin.

  • Brad Young

    Brad Young

    Il y a 18 heures

    Came here expecting a Tekashi69 Documentary. Stayed for the education

  • 0Guiltyone0

    0Guiltyone0

    Il y a 18 heures

    I seem to remember a story about how some scientists found Neanderthal bones in our cooking area.

  • Sunder Aldridge

    Sunder Aldridge

    Il y a 18 heures

    I took biology of human evolution and guess what different Species can’t breed together. By definition it’s impossible for humans to meet another human like species. If two different species breed together successfully that means they were never different species to begin with.

  • Ron Williams

    Ron Williams

    Il y a 18 heures

    Host: "We're the lone twig left on our branch of the family tree." Sasquatch: "Hold my beer..."

  • saturnguytwelve SG12

    saturnguytwelve SG12

    Il y a 19 heures

    As a scientist, whenever I hear a person say, "we know...." About something that happened 45,000 years ago, I kinda stop listening.

  • Damnit Bobby

    Damnit Bobby

    Il y a 19 heures

    When we met potatoes next please.

  • Ryalside

    Ryalside

    Il y a 21 heure

    no violence between the two?? yeah right... because humans are so non-violent and get along so well with others. Not to be morbid but all that homo sapien/neaderthal interbreeding was probably back and forth rapes.

  • Micha'el; Mixed and Magnificent.

    Micha'el; Mixed and Magnificent.

    Il y a 21 heure

    You have to redo your video because scientists analyzing 7.2 million-year-old fossils uncovered in modern-day Greece and Bulgaria suggest a new hypothesis about the origins of humankind, placing it in the Eastern Mediterranean and not -- as customarily assumed -- in Africa, and (earlier than currently accepted.) The researchers conclude that "Graecopithecus freybergi" represents the first pre-humans to exist following the split from the last chimpanzee-human common ancestor. Meanwhile in South America in the jungles of Ecuador as well as areas in Southern Peru, are finding remnants of structures that are older than the Lucy skeleton of which "Out of Africa" model is based on.

  • Daytona of CV

    Daytona of CV

    Il y a 21 heure

    I find it hard to believe we didn't try to kill them considering how much we get along with eachother.

  • Captain Horatio Bungle III

    Captain Horatio Bungle III

    Il y a 19 heures

    There's some evidence that we didn't start with the murdering until we started to settle and had to fight for resources. Also, humans were really scarce, so it made sense to breed with them instead of killing them. Otherwise you end up boning your close family 😬

  • cmacdhon

    cmacdhon

    Il y a 21 heure

    I'm sure the two human species got along just fine at first. Then they discovered that they were worshiping the same God, but in different ways, so they killed each other.

  • Anthony

    Anthony

    Il y a 21 heure

    My uncle is a hominid

  • than217

    than217

    Il y a 22 heures

    According to 23andMe the only fully gene I inherited from Neanderthal prevents me from sneezing in the presence of dark chocolate. So I got that going for me.

  • mignonthon

    mignonthon

    Il y a 22 heures

    08:56 Interbred with homo erectus ? What ?

  • Thekingofwatching

    Thekingofwatching

    Il y a 22 heures

    A lot of this information was also offered by an episode of Mo-butuaries

  • Matthew Madruga

    Matthew Madruga

    Il y a 22 heures

    They tried to kill them if I know humans right

  • Chief Caca

    Chief Caca

    Il y a 22 heures

    Humans are interesting.

  • noctusowl

    noctusowl

    Il y a 22 heures

    Dwarves confirmed

  • Michael Sandoval

    Michael Sandoval

    Il y a 23 heures

    If only they would have bought electric cars, they could have survived that global warming all their technology caused. Them dumb bastards.

  • Florida Beach Adventurer

    Florida Beach Adventurer

    Il y a 23 heures

    Awesome!

  • Jean Baptiste

    Jean Baptiste

    Il y a 23 heures

    We know the most important part of Homo Erectus is dying out in countries with a low birthrate.

  • Jean Baptiste

    Jean Baptiste

    Il y a 23 heures

    Hence the migrations to fill the gaps.

  • FusionNauts

    FusionNauts

    Il y a 23 heures

    I mean considering how we've treated other humans throughout history it's probably fair to say that ancient humans considered themselves superior to the comparatively large and seemingly stupid other hominins, and probably just murdered them on sight. Of course there are bound to be a few who don't share that opinion and interbreed but I seriously doubt it was considered normal or okay to interbreed.

  • Jean Baptiste

    Jean Baptiste

    Il y a 23 heures

    We are the best killers on the planet.

  • thefisherman007

    thefisherman007

    Il y a jour

    I don’t know if you guys have done this yet but you should do how humans and dogs “met” and what followed. One started in Africa the other in North America. In my opinion its one of the best evolutionary stories. Love your guys videos keep up the good work!

  • Shawn Bechard

    Shawn Bechard

    Il y a jour

    3:20 CORRECTION... Neanderthal DNA, definitely back migrated and was spread via gene flow, to some population clusters of Africa. The Khoesān tribes have also shown trace amounts of Neanderthal DNA.

  • Hoosier Hermit

    Hoosier Hermit

    Il y a jour

    Same folks that brought us global warming

  • Digicraftmon the Crystal Gem

    Digicraftmon the Crystal Gem

    Il y a jour

    This video: *MINECRAFT LIKE MUSIC*

  • Digicraftmon the Crystal Gem

    Digicraftmon the Crystal Gem

    Il y a jour

    Nice to know that Stories like Greg's are not foreign to this universe..... Please feel free to roast me in the comments for being SU TRASH. your reaction to my comment: frdownload.net/item/vid%C3%A9o-JNbGqapsDIs.html

  • Digicraftmon the Crystal Gem

    Digicraftmon the Crystal Gem

    Il y a jour

    This Video: "...in the middle east...Eurasian descent.....Stat 2" Me: Do I have Neanderthal DNA? images.app.goo.gl/sJU2eFU6YAom4GLe7 Yes, yes, or IT'S TIME TO STOP YES.

  • N A

    N A

    Il y a jour

    If Homo sapiens could breed with them, they weren’t a different species, right?

  • noejacklou

    noejacklou

    Il y a jour

    you want proof of primitive humans,antifa's full of dumb cavemen

  • T Koch

    T Koch

    Il y a jour

    Did they die out, or do they live on? 1.5% is about the same as the amount of DNA we get from each great great great great grandparent (6 generations back). My patriarch of that generation, who I have quite a bit of information on, had 14 children, 104 grandchildren, 295 great grandchildren, then 770 and 1064 down to 958 in my generation, the last two numbers being smaller because of incomplete information. But if that guy has 1,000 descendants in my generation, each with about 1.5% of his DNA has HE "gone extinct"? One narrative has them wiped out in a major ethnic cleansing, but what if they were just bred out? If the population of an area is 80% HS and 20% N and they mix, even infrequently then over the generations the number of "pure N" is going to get smaller and smaller as they are absorbed into the larger group. Until, after less than 1,000 generations (a mere 20,000 years) there are no longer ANY pure N at all. But in the end, among Europeans, there are no "pure HS" either as they all have a little bit of N.

  • Dimitar Bankov

    Dimitar Bankov

    Il y a jour

    Please make videos about Mesozoic flora, Australian megafauna and history of rhinos

  • Stefan Veenstra

    Stefan Veenstra

    Il y a jour

    While people speak of Sapiens being the lone lineage, I beg to differ. Homo Autismus seems to be a new species within the genus. Most of them lack the sense of self-importance, live with high emphasis of fairness to all and dislike violence in general. They are often smarter than your average sapien, although that usually sticks to specific specialties. Point I'm trying to make: Psychology often paints people who differ cognitively as disabled or disordered, undermining the possibility these are just evolutionary adaptations and common sapiens (psychologists in particular) fear being outdone by peers they view as inferior. Guess who's going to take the genus to the stars? Allspergers I tell you. Because sapiens will still be bombing themselves out of religious or ideological beliefs.

  • billy belcaro

    billy belcaro

    Il y a jour

    The Neanderthal legacy is that they gifted modern man with 400k+ years worth of selective genes

  • Connor Coulson

    Connor Coulson

    Il y a jour

    Part of me wishes we still had our close relatives around, another part of me knows racism would be even worse than it is now.

  • Mensch Machiner

    Mensch Machiner

    Il y a jour

    Primordial man-bun!!

  • Mike D L

    Mike D L

    Il y a jour

    I believe in the "one drop rule". If you've got even a single drop of neanderthal blood, then you are a neanderthal

  • Viktor Turtle

    Viktor Turtle

    Il y a jour

    Its Not so suppring... the diffrent races still exist, for example, a Bulldog and a Terrier is diffrent Dog-Races but its still a Dog Its the same with Humans, an African and an Aryan is diffent races but its still Humans...

  • Jen'ari-asha

    Jen'ari-asha

    Il y a 20 heures

    That's not how it works... Like, at all.

  • calvin masters

    calvin masters

    Il y a jour

    If we mated with Neanderthals and Denisovans, then they weren't another species, they were another race.

  • Jason Jensen

    Jason Jensen

    Il y a jour

    Denise Ovens. Okay. I shall adapt.

  • Para Pitro

    Para Pitro

    Il y a jour

    But the question is: are we what we are told we are ?

  • sumarianson

    sumarianson

    Il y a jour

    Mix some facts with conjecture and you get this! Has any DNA showed an inability to reproduce about 180000 to 250000 years ago?

  • Captain Horatio Bungle III

    Captain Horatio Bungle III

    Il y a 19 heures

    I'm not sure what you mean. Can you elaborate?

  • Professor Quantum

    Professor Quantum

    Il y a jour

    Homo Sapiens discover similar species: BANG it

  • kellerrobert80

    kellerrobert80

    Il y a 17 heures

    or BANG ME!

  • Polke Nator

    Polke Nator

    Il y a jour

    Shouldn't other homonin groups be called subspecies instead of species, since mating was possible?

  • Polke Nator

    Polke Nator

    Il y a 15 heures

    @Mister but we were far more numerous

  • Mister

    Mister

    Il y a jour

    @Polke Nator if by any mean then we would be the subspecies because we lacked alot of gene completion.

  • Polke Nator

    Polke Nator

    Il y a jour

    That wasn't what i meant. I just meant from a phylogenetical point of view

  • Mister

    Mister

    Il y a jour

    they weren't lesser intelligent or capable of doing the things we did. They probably just had a different approach on certain social stuff maybe.

  • D Kahn

    D Kahn

    Il y a jour

    Science is great in ways, but sometimes they fill in and 20/20 hindsight their theories into facts. They keep saying Neanderthals came from Africa first, then evolved into "whitey," then met back up with newer Africans later that never evolved into anything different, and then mated.... or something like that.... they sometimes feed "Scientific Correctness." By the way.... Where did atoms come from?

  • D Kahn

    D Kahn

    Il y a jour

    When We Met Other Human Species............ WE MATED!

  • nana mch

    nana mch

    Il y a jour

    No one: EPAS1 and HYAL2: what is dead may never die

  • desertbluesman

    desertbluesman

    Il y a jour

    Other species ...interbreeding? Doesn't ability to breed define the same species, or has that definition been changed, or deleted? *********I see this is being discussed in another thread below************

  • Mister

    Mister

    Il y a jour

    @desertbluesman well, a golden Retriever is also a different species to a Bulldog. But they are still dogs. Narrator also said that they were humans like us that's why we could interbreed with them

  • desertbluesman

    desertbluesman

    Il y a jour

    @Mister title and narrator use term "different species" throughout . Confusing

  • Mister

    Mister

    Il y a jour

    we are the same species, they just had other genetics than we did. You can compare it with a golden retriever mating with a bulldog

  • Matej

    Matej

    Il y a jour

    I didn't know that bones that were found in Hušnjakovo in Krapina in Croatia were used to sequence Neandertahl nuclear genome.

  • John .Saylock

    John .Saylock

    Il y a jour

    Had to get real drunk to walk to the neanderthals cave.

  • Moo Moo Puppy

    Moo Moo Puppy

    Il y a jour

    Was there a species that caused its own extiction?

  • alphaphotoandvideo

    alphaphotoandvideo

    Il y a jour

    "human" reference to those like us from Earth. So you wont meet other humans from other planets.

  • AndyGinterBlues

    AndyGinterBlues

    Il y a jour

    IDK, but I'm ashamed to report that I've "dated" a few hookers who haven't evolved much from the Denisovan period. One was even named Denise. WWFFD? (What would Fred Flintstone do?)

  • CrakaaFinesse

    CrakaaFinesse

    Il y a jour

    So like he means that over time we just became all into one species bc all humans breeded? Or am I just high 😂 but now we have less of the other genes and just mostly ours now

  • ColdRapture

    ColdRapture

    Il y a jour

    So Neanderthal. Inbreeders, diseases prone and hardly fertile... 🤔 interesting! Modern day human, more so Eurasian/Europeans, 1-2 percent of Neanderthal gene. 🙄

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